Here are some handy charts that show essential cooking measurements and conversions. The majority of recipes on this site are in U.S. measurements. These measurements include: teaspoons, tablespoons, cups, ounces, pounds, pints, quarts and gallons.
Below you will find a measurements & weight chart, and a cooking temperature conversion chart.
All the following equivalents below are based on the “fluid” measure, and can be used not only for liquids, but also for solids such as flour, sugar and shortening.
Weights & Measurements
|3 tsp =||1 Tbsp =||1/2 oz =||15 ml|
|2 Tbsp =||6 tsp =||1 fl oz =||30 ml|
|4 Tbsp =||1/4 cup =||2 oz =||60 ml|
|8 Tbsp =||1/2 cup =||4 oz =||118 ml|
|12 Tbsp =||3/4 cup =||6 oz =||177 ml|
|16 Tbsp =||1 cup =||8 oz =||237 ml|
|1/2 cup =||1 gill =||4 oz =||118 ml|
|1 cup =||1/2 pt =||8 oz =||237 ml|
|2 cups =||1 pt =||16 oz =||473 ml|
|4 cups =||1 qt =||32 oz =||946 ml|
|1 qt =||2 pt =||32 oz =||946 ml|
|1 gal =||4 qt =||64 oz =||1892 ml|
|1 peck =||8 qt|
|1 bu =||4 pecks|
|1 lb =||16 oz|
As with weights and measurements there are two scales for measuring temperature that are in use today. You can find ovens that are marked in Fahrenheit and Celsius.
Recipes may give temperatures in one or both of these measurements. The chart below shows the most commonly used temperature units in cooking. You can use the chart below to convert the unit into the one that is required for your recipe, if only one temperature is given.
Gas ovens have gas mark readings, which also have equivalent measures on the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales. These markings are also outlined in the chart below.
You sometimes find older recipes that simply state that a dish should be placed in a cool, moderate or hot oven. This can be confusing if we don’t know which temperature these descriptions refer to. You will also find these temperature equivalents on the chart below.
Temperatures – Fahrenheit, Celsius & Gas Mark
|250°F||120°C||Gas Mark 1/2||Very cool oven|
|275°F||135°C||Gas Mark 1||Cool oven|
|300°F||149°C||Gas Mark 2||Cool oven|
|325°F||162°C||Gas Mark 3||Warm oven|
|350°F||176°C||Gas Mark 4||Moderate oven|
|375°F||190°C||Gas Mark 5||Fairly hot oven|
|400°F||204°C||Gas Mark 6||Fairly hot oven|
|425°F||218°C||Gas Mark 7||Hot oven|
|450°F||232°C||Gas Mark 8||Very hot oven|
|475°F||246°C||Gas Mark 9||Very hot oven|
|500°F||260°C||Gas Mark 10||Very hot oven|
*The above calculations are rounded up or down to the nearest unit.